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打不烂,炸不断,铁道兵用血肉筑起钢铁运输线

时间:2019-07-16
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哈尔滨市北部冰城的极乐寺在平日是一个非常芬芳的佛教寺庙。然而,在1948年7月5日,它被严密保护并被解放军哨兵包围。未经许可,禁止所有人员进入。在Kek Lok Si寺的这个时候,一场冲毁旧中国的风暴正在悄然酝酿.

早上9点,在北极军区第一副政委罗荣臻宣布,他获得了中央军委批准,以公路卫士为基础,并招募了二线兵团的工作人员,吸收了东北铁路局的工作人员作为形成东北人民的技术骨干。人民解放铁路专栏。

一直关注东北战争形势的毛泽东指示东北野战军攻打晋州市北宁路的喉咙。如果你赢得锦州,你将能够切断国民党军队的供应线和逃生之路,完成“闭狗”的战略布局,解放东北将蠢蠢欲动。但征服锦州的最大障碍是交通问题,这与决定中国命运的决定性战争能否赢得直接相关。

500公里的铁路线严重受损。铁路专栏的第一支队于1948年7月8日开始,修复了彰武铁路至锦州的铁路线。国民党军队还在铁路旁设置了大量的地雷。指挥官和战士在修理时匆匆赶来。

被炸毁的桥梁主要由系杆和桁架导轨修复。国民党军队把枕木和铁轨扔进了河里。在东北的九月,这条河正在穿河,官兵们跳进了寒冷的河流,以打捞铁轨。

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孟宪清原铁路列的一名队员

那时,水很冷。做了十分钟后,公司干部打电话给你。因为它太冷了,牙齿都聚集在一起发出吱吱声,身体颤抖。上来后,它被烤了,另一瓶白葡萄酒被消耗掉了。喝完后,温暖心脏。

铁路专栏指出,勇士们不负众望。在短短两个月内,他们冲过锦州外的铁路。在接下来的9天里,东北野战军在千里之内运送部队,确保了物流弹药的运送,为东北野战军对锦州的快速恢复做出了巨大贡献。自东北门开启和关闭以来,它一直完全掌握在人民解放军手中。辽沉战役仅用了52天就结束了。后来,一些历史学家评论说:“如果我们说赢得淮海战役是以人民的车为基础的,那么辽沉战役的最终胜利将由铁路专栏修复。”

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自从铁路专栏在解放战争中反复战斗,1949年5月,中央军委下令将东北野战军铁路专栏改为“人民解放军铁路总队”。

1950年秋天,以美国为首的“联合国军队”将火焰烧毁到鸭绿江。铁路士兵的悲惨场面即将上演。

在1951年初的朝鲜,气温达到零下30度。中国和朝鲜军队与以美国为首的“联合国军”进行了三场比赛,他们从鸭绿江到三七线击中了“联合国军”。

然而,彭德怀在指挥所深思熟虑:三次战斗,志愿者的后勤供应远远不能跟上前线的发展,导致30万的极端恶劣局面中国和朝鲜军队在三七线附近。

事实上,在中国人民志愿军入侵朝鲜战争之初,美国空军经常轰炸志愿军的运输线。目的很明确,就是切断志愿者的后勤供应。

1951年夏天,大约2万名铁路部队人员先后进入朝鲜修复铁路。 8月18日,“联合国军”集合了三个师的优势,发动了夏季攻势,集中了80%的空中力量,并对后方的公路和铁路桥进行了日夜轰炸。中国 - 朝鲜。美国陆军将军李启伟计划在三个月内切断中朝两军的物资供应线。李启伟称这场战争是“扼杀”。

在反“打击战”中,铁路士兵出现了一批英雄人物。第一师和第二团的副班长史益民在修桥时缺少固定螺丝。他将螺丝扳手插入导轨夹板的孔中,然后蹲在导轨的侧面。他握紧扳手,忍受剧烈震动。一个半小时,18列火车安全通过。铁二师二师二级副班长袁小文在看铁路时发现了危险。他即将被排除在外。出乎意料的是,时间炸弹爆炸在附近,他的腿被炸了。他坚持爬300米并建立一个码头,这样他就会疾驰。军队列车安全停放,但他们流下了最后一滴血并牺牲了。

在“罢工战”的第一个八月,志愿者共有1,134辆货车经过青川河等河流,安全运到前线,大大缓解了前线弹药和粮食短缺的不利局面。在第一轮“扼杀”中,美军失败了。

随着战争形势的发展,愤怒的李奇伟逐渐发现全面轰炸不能阻挡志愿者的运输线。 9月,李启伟改变了战略,集中空军轰炸了铁路的某一段。他发现,新安县,价格河和青浦铁路以及平壤以北的西浦铁路形成的“三角地带”是整个朝鲜铁路的枢纽。美国军方立即将注意力转向“三角区”并继续派遣战斗人员集中注意力。轰炸。修理部队与美军在空中展开了短暂的战斗。美军在白天遭到轰炸,铁路士兵在夜间修理。

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前铁路部队第3师部门的工作人员

The enemy can't figure it out and can't figure it out. How did the plane reconnaissance look like it was blown up during the day, and it was nothing but plain, and how was it open at night? How did the train pass by again?

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Pu Dawei, former railway warrior newspaper editor

We can't do it during the day, it's all working at night. You are like a nail, practiced in the air-raid shelter during the day, touched by hand, closed your eyes, and the two hammers nailed the road to the sleepers. The rails can be fixed.

In November 1951, Li Qiwei, commander of the "United Nations Army," felt that the average bombing of the triangle had little effect. Therefore, he narrowed the scope of the bombing triangle to the "317" to "318" section between Suchuan and Wancheng, and 29 kilometers between Quandong and Longyuan. An unprecedented and fierce anti-strand battle broke out.

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At only 73.5 kilometers, the US military planes dumped 38,186 shells here, with an average of one shot every two meters. In the most cruel stage of the anti-smashing battle, the Railway Corps took out two divisions and promised to ensure the smooth flow of the railways in these two throats. With the help of various repair methods and the command and dispatch system, the Railway Corps has been keeping the railway line unblocked. The speed of traffic is even faster than the beginning of the "strangle". Li Qiwei's "strangle" has completely aborted.

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At the end of 1952, the newly elected US President Eisenhower came to the Korean battlefield before taking office. He wanted to make an amphibious landing on the bee waist of the Korean Peninsula in accordance with the Incheon landing a few years ago, and broke through the defense line between China and North Korea.

In response to attempts by the Americans, the Central Military Commission immediately dispatched six divisions of the domestic railway engineering unit to assemble the Yalu River. It plans to repair a new line Yingui Railway in the central part of North Korea, with a total length of 129 kilometers and a span of 4 rivers and 4 mountains. built 92 large and small bridges.

xxMost of the commanders and fighters came from China's warm central and southern regions, entered the cold battlefield, and could not take into account the fatigue of long-distance marching. They began to work intensely. In order to keep up with the progress, they often did not sleep for two or three days.

The railway soldiers once again created a miracle, and the 129-kilometer Yin Gui Railway was repaired in just 60 days. The "United Nations Army" who learned the situation also suspended the landing plan in central North Korea.

In July 1953, the Jincheng counterattack campaign started. Volunteers and guns were fired together, and a 40-minute fire attack, which consumed more than 1,900 tons of ammunition, was due to the fact that our military had enough grain bombs. The frontline ammunition reserves amounted to more than 123,000 tons, and the grain reserves were available for 8 months for the participating troops. On the day when the Battle of Jincheng ended, the commander-in-chief of the "United Nations Army" Clark had to sign the Korean Armistice Agreement.

The Railway Corps, which was created in the summer of 1948, shines in this war. However, behind the glory is the flesh and blood of the railway soldiers. In the Korean battlefield, 1,481 warriors died, and 2,989 warriors were gloriously wounded. The broken bridges of those years have become the attractions of later generations, and the songs of the railway soldiers still reverberate in the Yalu River.

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Please watch tonight (July 10th) 20: 00, CCTV-4《国家记忆》《军魂永驻铁道兵(上)》

Editor: Song Xintong Editor-in-Chief: Jiang Li

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